S³ - Analysis of remote sensing multi-sensor heterogeneous images

Séminaire le 20 Mars 2015, 10h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle des séminaires du L2S
Jorge Prendes, IRIT Toulouse and SONDRA CentraleSupelec

Remote sensing images are images of the Earth acquired from planes or satellites. In recent years the technology enabling this kind of images has been evolving really fast. Many different sensors have been developed to measure different properties of the earth surface, including optical images, SAR images and hyperspectral images. One of the interest of this images is the detection of changes on datasets of multitemporal images. Change detection has been thoroughly studied on the case where the dataset consist of images acquired by the same sensor. However, having to deal with datasets containing images acquired from different sensors (heterogeneous images) is becoming very common nowadays.
In order to deal with heterogeneous images, we proposed a statistical model which describe the joint distribution of the pixel intensity of the images, more precisely a mixture model. On unchanged areas, we expect the parameter vector of the model to belong to a manifold related to the physical properties of the objects present on the image, while on areas presenting changes this constraint is relaxed. The distance of the model parameter to the manifold can be thus be used as a similarity measure, and the manifold can be learned using ground truth images where no changes are present. The model parameters are estimated through a collapsed Gibbs sampler using a Bayesian non parametric approach combined with a Markov random field.
In this talk I will present the proposed statistical model, its parameter estimation, and the manifold learning approach. The results obtained with this method will be compared with those of other classical similarity measures.

Bio: Jorge Prendes was born in Santa Fe, Argentina in 1987. He received the 5 years Eng. degree in Electronics Engineering with honours from the Buenos Aires Institute of Technology (ITBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina in July 2010. He worked on Signal Processing at ITBA within the Applied Digital Electronics Group (GEDA) from July 2010 to September 2012. Currently he is a Ph.D. student in Signal Processing in SONDRA laboratory at Supélec, within the cooperative laboratory TéSA and the Signal and Communication Group of the Institut de Recherche en Informatique de Toulouse (IRIT). His main research interest include image processing, applied mathematics and pattern recognition.


Séminaire S³

S³: Rare event simulation: a Point Process interpretation with application in probability and quantile estimati

Séminaire le 13 Mars 2015, 10h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle des séminaires du L2S
Clément Walter, CEA and University Paris Diderot

Clément Walter, 25, graduated from Mines ParisTech in 2013. Beforehand he attended preparatory classes in Lycée Sainte-Geneviève (branch Maths and Physics). For his master degree he specialised in Geostatistics and started working with CEA as an intern on emulation of complex computer codes (especially kriging) for rare event simulation and estimation. He has then pursued his work in a PhD under the direction of Pr. Josselin Garnier, focusing on multilevel splitting methods.

S³ L0 optimization for DOA and sparse channel estimation

Séminaire le 6 Mars 2015, 10h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle des séminaires du L2S
Adilson Chinatto, Univeristy of Campinas, BR and Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, FR

Bio: Adilson Chinatto received a degree in Electrical Engineering in 1997 and Masters in 2011, both from the University of Campinas (Unicamp), Brazil. He worked as hardware, software and firmware development engineer for optical transmission equipment in the companies AsGa and CPqD in Brazil. He is a co-founder of Espectro Ltd., a Brazilian design house for hardware and software, focused in signal processing. Nowadays he is coordinator of a High Performance GPS Receiver Project at Espectro Ltd. funded by the Brazilian National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq). He has experience in electrical engineering with emphasis on telecommunication systems, digital signal processing and smart antennas, working mainly with development and implementation of programmable logic devices (FPGA). He is currently finishing his Ph.D. at Unicamp, working with sparse and compressive sensing signal processing.

Séminaire S³

S³ Bayesian Tomography

Séminaire le 6 Mars 2015, 10h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle des séminaires du L2S
John Skilling, Maximum Entropy Data Consultants Ltd, UK

Bio: John Skilling was awarded his PhD in radio astronomy in 1969.  Through the 1970s and 1980s he was a lecturer in applied mathematics at Cambridge University, specialising in data analysis.  He left to concentrate on consultancy work, originally using maximum entropy methods but moving to Bayesian methodology when algorithms became sufficiently powerful.  John has been a prominent contributor to the “MaxEnt” conferences since their beginning in 1981.  He is the discoverer of the nested sampling algorithm which performs integration over spaces of arbitrary dimension, which is the basic operation dictated by the sum rule of Bayesian calculus.

Séminaire S³

FREEDM Concept: Power Distribution System Modernization with Solid State Electronics and Integrated Renewables

Séminaire le 5 Mars 2015, 11h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle des séminaires du L2S
Prof. Iqbal Husain

This FREEDM concept provides an architecture for a future electric power distribution system that is suitable for plug-and-play of distributed renewable energy and distributed energy storage devices. Motivated by the success of the (information) Internet, the FREEDM concept envisions the “Energy Internet,” a system that enables flexible energy sharing for consumers in a residential distribution system. One of the core technologies for the FREEDM system is the solid-state transformer (SST) which is a power electronic device, but makes use of high frequency transformer for isolated AC-AC power conversion. The SST not only dramatically decreases the volume and weight compared with the conventional power transformer, but also behave like a smart transformer with the advantage of power flow control, reactive power compensation capability, and potential fault current limitation. Besides, the regulated low voltage DC/AC bus of SST could be used as an interface to distributed renewable resources and storage devices such as wind, solar, charging stations, and DC micro-grid. The SST is an "Energy Router" proposed to provide such a compatible and flexible interface for energy routing. In addition to the role of a traditional ac transformer, the SST can also provide a low voltage (LV) DC bus. The bi-directional power flow capability of the SST provides possibilities to feed locally generated power back to the grid. Islanding can also be achieved when the HV side is disconnected from grid. The SST has been designed and built based on 13kV SiC MOSFET and JBS diode and is to be connected to medium voltage (MV) distribution network up to 7.2kV and output both a 380V low voltage (LV) dc and 120/240V ac.   

This talk will present the hardware research activities and results aimed at demonstrating the FREEDM concept followed by the power electronic controls for the SST. The experimental results of the developed DC/AC hybrid microgrid built to demonstrate the SST's ability to integrate different renewable energy sources and to improve grid quality will also be discussed.


Dr. Iqbal Husain is the Director of the Future Renewable Electric Energy Delivery and Management (FREEDM) Engineering Research Center and the ABB Distinguished Professor at North Carolina State University where he joined in Fall 2011. Prior to coming to NC State he was serving as a faculty member at the University of Akron, Ohio for seventeen years. He was a visiting Professor at Oregon State University in 2001, and also lectured at Texas A&M University. Prof. Husain also serves as the Director of the Advanced Transportation Energy Center (ATEC).He received the B.Sc. degree from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Bangladesh, and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. 

Prof. Husain’s research interests are in the areas of control and modeling of electrical drives, design of electric machines, development of power conditioning circuits, microinverters for distributed power generation, inverter controls for grid synchronization, and modeling and control of electric and hybrid vehicle systems. The primary application of Prof. Husain’s work is in the transportation, automotive, aerospace, power system and renewable energy industries.

Prof. Husain was the General Co-Chair for Energy Conversion Congress & Expo (ECCE) 2012 in Raleigh, NC, the chairman of the IEEE-IAS Transportation Systems Committee, and the chairman of the IEEE-IAS Electric Machines Committee. Prof. Husain received the 2006 SAE Vincent Bendix Automotive Electronics Engineering Award, the 2004 College of Engineering Outstanding Researcher Award, the 2000 IEEE Third Millennium Medal, the 1998 IEEE-IAS Outstanding Young Member award, and several IEEE-IAS prize paper awards. He was elected to be an IEEE Fellow in 2009.



Online adaptive optimal control of a hybrid electric vehicle

Séminaire le 5 Février 2015, 14h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Catalin Stefan Teodorescu

Par Doctor Catalin Stefan Teodorescu Project engineer, Flanders' Mechatronics Technology Centre (FMTC), www.fmtc.be A division of Flanders Make, www.flandersmake.be In general, the hybrid driveline concept consists of using simultaneously 2 power sources: the internal combustion engine (ICE) on the one hand, and an electric power source, e.g., a supercapacitor (SC), on the other hand. In the above figure, the red arrows represent power flow of the two illustrated power sources: specifically, it can be generative or regenerative. The latter translates the ability of the SC to store some energy, which can potentially be used in order to achieve significant fuel consumption reduction: e.g. by avoiding wasting energy when the driver pushes the break pedal and instead storing it. In this presentation we will investigate the following problem. In order to be able to cope with the actual demand of the driver expressed in terms of demanded power load (see the above figure), we have an infinite number of choices/combinations concerning the power split ICE versus SC. However, only one (or a few) of these trajectories are optimal in terms of fuel consumption and this is what is being investigated. Two control solutions are presented: Dynamic Programming, mainly used for benchmarking purpose and Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy. Results show the latter to be a strong candidate towards online, real-time implementation.

S³ Correlation mining in high dimension with limited samples

Séminaire le 30 Janvier 2015, 10h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle des séminaires du L2S
Alfred Hero

Alfred Hero:
Title: Correlation mining in high dimension with limited samples 

Abstract: Correlation mining arises in many areas of engineering, social sciences, and natural sciences. Correlation mining discovers columns of a random matrix that are highly correlated with other columns of the matrix and can be used to construct a dependency network over columns. However, when the number n of samples is finite and the number p of columns increases such exploration becomes futile due to a phase transition phenomenon: spurious discoveries will eventually dominate. In this presentation I will present theory for predicting these phase transitions and present Poisson limit theorems that can be used to determine finite sample behavior of correlation structure. The theory has application to areas including gene expression analysis, network security, remote sensing, and portfolio selection. 

BioAlfred O. Hero III received the B.S. (summa cum laude) from Boston University (1980) and the Ph.D from Princeton University (1984), both in Electrical Engineering. Since 1984 he has been with the University of MichiganAnn Arbor, where he is the R. Jamison and Betty Williams Professor of Engineering. His primary appointment is in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and he also has appointments, by courtesy, in the Department of Biomedical Engineering and the Department of Statistics. From 2008-2013 he was held the Digiteo Chaire d'Excellence at the Ecole Superieure d'Electricite, Gif-sur-Yvette, France. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and several of his research articles have recieved best paper awards. Alfred Hero was awarded the University of Michigan Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award (2011). He received the IEEE Signal Processing Society Meritorious Service Award (1998), the IEEE Third Millenium Medal (2000), and the IEEE Signal Processing Society Technical Achievement Award (2014). Alfred Hero was President of the IEEE Signal Processing Society (2006-2008) and was on the Board of Directors of the IEEE (2009-2011) where he served as Director of Division IX (Signals and Applications). Alfred Hero's recent research interests are in statistical signal processing, machine learning and the analysis of high dimensional spatio-temporal data. Of particular interest are applications to networks, including social networks, multi-modal sensing and tracking, database indexing and retrieval, imaging, and genomic signal processing.

György Terdik:
Title: A new covariance function for spatio-temporal data analysis with application to atmospheric pollution and sensor networking

Abstract: See the attached file.

Bio: György Terdik, received the Ph.D. degree from theKossuth Lajos University, Hungary. He is a Professor  of the Department of Information Technology at the University ofDebrecen, Hungary. His research areas include nonlinear, non-Gaussian time series analysis, Lévyprocesses, and high-speed network modeling, spatio-temporal time series, Dr. Terdik is a member of the editorial board of the

quarterly Publicationes Mathematicae Debrecen.

Márton Ispány:
Title Poisson INAR processes with serial and seasonal correlation 

Abstract: Recently, there has been considerable interest in integer-valued time series models.  Motivation to include discrete data models comes from the need to account for the discrete nature of certain data sets, often counts of events, objects or individuals. Among the most successful integer-valued time series models proposed in the literature we mention the INteger-valued AutoRegressive model of order p (INAR(p)). However, seasonal count processes have not been investigated yet, except one of our new papers. In the talk, we study INAR processes which possess serial and seasonal structure as well. The main properties of the models will be derived such as the stationarity and the autocorrelation function. The conditional least squares and conditional maximum likelihood estimators of the model parameters will be studied and their asymptotical properties will be established. In addition, we would like to discuss the case in which the marginal distributions are Poisson in detail. Monte 
Carlo experiments will be conducted to evaluate and compare the performance of various estimators for finite sample sizes. Real data set on the area of insurance will be applied to evaluate the model performance. 

Bio: Márton Ispány (https://it.inf.unideb.hu/honlap/ispanymarton/english) received the M.Sc.(1989) and PhD (summa cum laude) in Statistics (1997) from University of Debrecen. Since 2007 he has been with the  Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Informatics, University of Debrecen. Since 2012 he has been the head of the department. Márton Ispány 's recent research interests are in branching processes (functional limit theorems, asymptotics for conditional least squares estimation, integer valued autoregression), statistical modelling(generalized SVD, contaminated statistical models, EM algorithm), data mining (decision trees, stochastic algorithms, MCMC, web mining), and applied statistics: econometrics and insurance, cross-country modelling, statistical genetics.


Interval Analysis - Fundamentals and Electromagnetic Engineering Applications

Séminaire le 29 Janvier 2015, 14h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Paolo Rocca

Paolo Rocca received the MS degree in Telecommunications Engineering from the University of Trento in 2005 (summa cum laude) and the PhD Degree in Information and Communication Technologies from the same University in 2008. He is currently Assistant Professor at the Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science (University of Trento) and a member of the ELEDIA Research Center. Dr. Rocca is the author/co-author of over 230 peer reviewed papers on international journals and conferences. He has been a visiting Ph.D. student at the Pennsylvania State University (U.S.A.), at the University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria (Italy), and a visiting researcher at the Laboratoire des Signaux et Systèmes (L2S@ Supélec, France) in 2012 and 2013. Moreover, he has been an Invited Associate Professor at the University of Paris Sud (France) in 2015. Dr. Rocca has been awarded from the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society and the Italy Section with the best PhD thesis award IEEE-GRS Central Italy Chapter. His main interests are in the framework of antenna array synthesis and design, electromagnetic inverse scattering, and optimization techniques for electromagnetics. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters.

Five generations of sliding mode controllers: stages of evolution

Séminaire le 28 Janvier 2015, 10h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Prof. Leonid Fridman from Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)

The history and evolution of sliding control will be discussed. The reason for the crisis of the first order sliding modes will be explained. The second order sliding mode control algorithms and their specific features will be presented. The control chattering of the continuous second order super-twisting control algorithm will be discussed. The precision of the arbitrary order sliding mode controllers will be shown. The continuous arbitrary order sliding mode controllers will be presented and discussed. Videos with the experimental illustration of the properties of the main sliding mode algorithms will be presented. Short biography: Leonid M. Fridman received an M.S. degree in mathematics from Kuibyshev (Samara) State University, Samara, Russia, in 1976, a Ph.D. degree in applied mathematics from the Institute of Control Science, Moscow, Russia, in 1988, and a Dr. Sc. degree in control science from Moscow State University of Mathematics and Electronics, Moscow, Russia, in 1998. From 1976 to 1999, he was with the Department of Mathematics, Samara State Architecture and Civil Engineering University. From 2000 to 2002, he was with the Department of Postgraduate Study and Investigations at the Chihuahua Institute of Technology, Chihuahua, Mexico. In 2002, he joined the Department of Control Engineering and Robotics, Division of Electrical Engineering of Engineering Faculty at National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico. His research interests are variable structure systems. He is currently a Chair of TC on Variable Structure Systems and Sliding mode control of IEEE Control Systems Society. Prof. Fridman is an Associated Editor of the Journal of Franklin Institute, Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems, and the Conference Editorial Board of IEEE Control Systems Society. He is an author and editor of seven books and 12 special issues and author of more than 350 technical papers on sliding mode control. He is a winner of Scopus prize for the best cited Mexican Scientists in Mathematics and Engineering 2010. He was working as an invited professor in 19 universities and research centers of Argentina, Australia, France, China, Germany, Italy, Israel, and Spain. Web page: verona.fi-p.unam.mx/~lfridman/

Small Primitive Roots and Malleability of RSA Moduli

Séminaire le 13 Janvier 2015, 14h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Prof. Jorge Jimenez Urroz from Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Catalunya,

Prof. Jorge Jimenez Urroz from Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain will give a seminar at L2S, on Tuesday 13th January 2015, room F.3.09, Supélec, campus of Gif-sur-Yvette.

Title: Small Primitive Roots and Malleability of RSA Moduli

Abstract: We prove that factorization is a malleable problem, in the sense that given an RSA modulus n, partial information on another integer n' independent helps to factorize n.

List of publications : http://www-ma4.upc.edu/~jjimenez/papers.htm

An Example of Hardware/Software Partitioning in SDR Systems: the Software

Séminaire le 3 Juin 2014, 16h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Lorenzo Vangelista, Carlo Fantozzi, Daniele Vogrig

Conflicts and Incentives in Wireless Cooperative Relaying: A Distributed Market Pricing Framework

Séminaire le 3 Août 2013, 16h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Lin Chen

Amplification paramétrique d'images et transformée de Fourier

Séminaire le 8 Avril 2013, 12h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Eric Lantz

Adaptive Passivity–based Control for Maximum Power Extraction of Stand–alone Windmill Systems

Séminaire le 4 Avril 2012, 16h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Romeo Ortega, Fernando Mancilla–David and Mohsen Soltani

Mother Nature Knows Best:Results on Wireless Networks Based on Analogies with Physics

Séminaire le 2 Mars 2012, 10h00 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Stavros Toumpis

Analysis of K-tier Heterogeneous Cellular Networks

Séminaire le 17 Février 2012, 11h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Harpreet S. Dhillon

Optimal Activation and Transmission Control in Delay Tolerant Network

Séminaire le 14 Décembre 2011, 11h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Amar Prakash Azad

Automobiles as Testbed for Designing High Performance Controllers

Séminaire le 1 Décembre 2011, 11h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Stefano Di Gennaro

On Interference Channels with Source-Cooperation and Cognition

Séminaire le 14 Octobre 2011, 16h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Daniela Tuninetti (Ph.D.)

Channel Polarization in Wiretapping andPermuted Parallel Channels

Séminaire le 4 Octobre 2011, 10h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Shlomo Shamai