Online adaptive optimal control of a hybrid electric vehicle

Séminaire le 5 Février 2015, 14h30 à CentraleSupelec (Gif-sur-Yvette) Salle du conseil du L2S - B4.40
Catalin Stefan Teodorescu

Par Doctor Catalin Stefan Teodorescu Project engineer, Flanders' Mechatronics Technology Centre (FMTC), A division of Flanders Make, In general, the hybrid driveline concept consists of using simultaneously 2 power sources: the internal combustion engine (ICE) on the one hand, and an electric power source, e.g., a supercapacitor (SC), on the other hand. In the above figure, the red arrows represent power flow of the two illustrated power sources: specifically, it can be generative or regenerative. The latter translates the ability of the SC to store some energy, which can potentially be used in order to achieve significant fuel consumption reduction: e.g. by avoiding wasting energy when the driver pushes the break pedal and instead storing it. In this presentation we will investigate the following problem. In order to be able to cope with the actual demand of the driver expressed in terms of demanded power load (see the above figure), we have an infinite number of choices/combinations concerning the power split ICE versus SC. However, only one (or a few) of these trajectories are optimal in terms of fuel consumption and this is what is being investigated. Two control solutions are presented: Dynamic Programming, mainly used for benchmarking purpose and Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy. Results show the latter to be a strong candidate towards online, real-time implementation.